top of page

What you need to know about Lucerne, Switzerland: a travel guide


A cloudy morning in Lucerne overlooking the River Reuss you can see the Jesuit church, the chapel bridge and old town Lucerne.
The heart of Lucerne, Switzerland and its famous medieval bridge, Kapellbrücke straddling the River Reuss. ©AlonzoWright

Lucerne, or Luzern in Swiss German, is beyond picturesque; it’s quaint, quiet, charming and just about every other cozy adjective you can find to describe this small Swiss city. You’ll wind through antique cobblestone streets, spilling out into small squares that are anchored by trickling fountains and hand-painted facades on each pastel building. Medieval bridges crisscross a glassy greenish-blue lake with jutting alpine peaks everywhere you turn. What’s not to love? For us, nothing. But it should be noted that it’s also a little sleepy. We spent three days there, and honestly, we probably could’ve seen all the sites in a day or two. But the point of traveling isn’t to rush through your experiences, right? Lucerne is a strolling city, it’s a place to take your time and pop into the shops lining the River Reuss, to have a leisurely lakeside lunch or enjoy a chocolate tasting. It’s a perfect destination for people who want to take their time and savor their sublime surroundings, both natural and manmade.


Check out Things to do in Lucerne all year round.


A nighttime view of a river with the city lights reflecting off the water, fog rolling in, a bright full moon and navy blue sky with holiday lights draped along the antique buildings.
An evening mist rolls through Old Town Lucerne, reaching up the River Reuss. ©AlonzoWright

Is Lucerne worth visiting?

Yes, Lucerne is absolutely worth visiting, but your personal interests will dictate how much time you spend there. Switzerland, as a country, has a bit of a reputation for being boring, which in our minds, is a little unfair. While it’s not exactly known for its riveting nightlife, fiery culture and passionate entertainment options, there are still plenty of things to see and do, especially if you’re an outdoorsy person. Lucerne’s scenery and historical preservation alone make it worth visiting, even if you’re just passing through and stop by for one to two days. But if a slower pace that includes long afternoons filled with historical landmarks, shopping, cafés and walks along the promenade seems a little yawn-inducing, don’t stay longer than two full days.


Antique buildings including a Jesuit church line a choppy River Reuss on a cloudy day in Lucerne.
The promenade along the River Reuss is a great place to see the sights and the Altstadt. ©AlonzoWright

How to get to Lucerne

Switzerland is a very small country, making it relatively easy to get anywhere you want to go in a short amount of time, even if you’re navigating the mountains and switchbacks. Lucerne is centrally located, just a quick 32 miles (52 kilometers) from Zurich and roughly 60 miles (100 kilometers) from Bern. If you arrive by train, which is our preferred method, it’s only a 50-minute ride from Zurich and a little over an hour from Bern. If you take the trains, you don’t have to worry about the road conditions in the winter, but during summer, this would be a great country to see by car. Having the flexibility to stop and explore nearby villages like Lungern and Isenthal would definitely be worth it. There are so many pristine villages and mountainscapes to explore with quintessential views like roaming cattle and sheep, waterfalls and half-timbered homes set against the Alps.


A medieval water tower and wooden bridge in the evening with lights and a gleaming river.
A foggy evening at one of the most famous attractions, the Kapellbrücke or Chapel Bridge in the center of Old Town Lucerne. ©AlonzoWright

What is Lucerne known for?

Lucerne is known for its alpine beauty and historical preservation from the Middle Ages. It is nestled at the foot of the Mount Pilatus massif in central Switzerland at the top end of Lake Lucerne. In the summer, it’s filled with colorful flower boxes, green grasses and swans swimming on the lake. In the winter, the surrounding mountain sides are snow capped and sometimes there’s a misty fog draped across the town, swallowing the medieval architecture, and truly giving it a surreal, almost Hollywood movie-like feel. Lucerne is renowned for its stunning old town, or Altstadt, and the preserved 14th century buildings and bridges throughout. Specifically a wooden covered bridge, the Kapellbrücke or Chapel Bridge, that was built in 1333 and connects the old town with the right bank of the River Reuss. It’s 672 ft (204.7 m) long and lined with interior triangular panels that were hand painted to depict the town’s heritage over the centuries.


Blue skies and fluffy clouds above the Chapel Bridge in Lucerne, with colorful flower boxes and a flowing river with the old town Luzern in the background.
©AmolTyagi on Unsplash

What to do in Lucerne

If you’re a history buff, you’re going to love Lucerne. The city was founded in the 8th century, 1178 (to be exact) when it was just a small fishing village. What’s truly incredible is that it’s so well preserved for being more than 900 years old. From the city’s fortification wall, the Museggmauer and its imposing watch towers to the Kapellbrücke (or Chapel Bridge) and the Lion of Lucerne, each famous site is steeped in centuries of the city’s rich history. Even if you’re not really into history, Lucerne is centrally located to have just about every outdoor adventure you could possibly want. Skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, sledding and more in the winter, hiking, cycling, paragliding and water sports during the summer months. There really is something for everyone.


Click here for a more complete list of things to do in Lucerne.


The holidays in Lucerne, overlooking the river Reuss, the old town and the twinkling christmas lights.
Lucerne may be beautiful in the summer, but it's downright magic in the wintertime. ©AlonzoWright

What to know about the weather in Lucerne

Sometimes you hit the weather jackpot, and everything is crisp and clear, a true Swiss masterpiece. Then other times, like the time we visited in December, you get smacked in the face with a thick wall of fog and cloud cover, and it prohibits you from truly experiencing the place in all its wonder. Lots of people don’t like to travel during the winter for this reason, but despite the misty evenings and cloudy days that covered most of the glorious mountain ranges cradling Lucerne, it was still utterly beautiful. In fact, Switzerland is basically the most perfect winter destination on the planet, but it’s not always going to be snow sparkling on the mountain peaks. It’s still worth it. And if you’re interested in why traveling during the holidays will be one of the single best things you do for yourself, you won't want to miss this.


Check out Five ways that holiday travel will absolutely change your life.


A cloudy gray sky over the wooden chapel bridge in lucerne with a water tower and flower boxes over the river Ruess.
The gorgeous 14th century Kapellbrücke gets decked out in colorful flower boxes during the warmer months. ©MaryAppell on Unsplash

Where to stay in Lucerne

The best place to stay in Lucerne is the Altstadt neighborhood. Its charming streets are lined with colorful buildings and hand-painted facades from as early as 1199. It’s hard to find places this old that have been lovingly restored and still retain their historical charm the way this neighborhood does. Even the town hall nearby was built in the early 1600s so this is truly the place to feel the Swiss culture and history in all its glory. It’s also centrally located to all the major attractions, shopping and restaurants. If you stay in the old town area, you truly don’t even need to get on the bus or take rideshares because it’s extremely walkable.


A wooden table top with a fondue spread of melted cheese, different kinds of meats, hunks of bread, potatoes and a leafy green salad.
A traditional fondue set up can include anything from bread and potatoes to meat and vegetables. ©YannAllegre Unsplash

Where to eat in Lucerne

The food is good in Lucerne, and there are lots of places to get traditional Swiss German cuisine. The closest Michelin starred restaurant is a quick 10-minute drive from Lucerne’s city center and is the stunning lakeside Seerestaurant Belvédère in nearby Hergiswil. But places in town like the Old Swiss House, Restaurant Balances and Drei Könige have all been recognized by the Michelin Guide for their commitment to quality and excellence. Traditional Swiss food (in theory) can be very “stick-to-your-ribs,” with savory stews, hearty potatoes served in a multitude of ways, rich cheeses, heavy creams, different meats and breads. Think of it like this, if you’re subsisting in the dead of winter in the Alps, your meals will likely be more high-caloric in nature, so they don’t burn off as quickly. Makes sense, right? The good news is, you’ll likely be walking everywhere so it’ll balance out all that yummy, filling goodness.